Data & Resources

Selected Research, Books & Interesting Reading

2Morrow / SmartQuit (Current or Upcoming Studies:)

2017-2018: App based Weight program study. A single arm, pilot trial of 2Morrow's ACT based weight program. Conducted with overweight adults that are part of a Army Medical Center, primary care population. Research Partner: Family Medicine Residency, Joint Base Lewis-McChord.

2017-2018: App based Chronic Pain program study. A single arm, pilot trial of 2Morrow's ACT based chronic pain program. Research Partner: Chronic Pain Researchers at UNM. Recruiting Q4 2017.

2016-2020: SmartQuit app gets $3.1M from National Cancer Institute for large smoking-cessation trial - (Geekwire story.) NIH funded grant to researcher, Jonathan Bricker at Fred Hutch Cancer Research Center. 1600 person Randomised Control Trial 

2016-2017: ARMY - Randomized Control Trial of the SmartQuit Smartphone App Plus Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) Versus NRT Alone for Tobacco Cessation Study is IRB approved and currently recruiting subjects across JBLM. Family Medicine residency, Joint Base Lewis-McChord. Goal N=200.

2016-2017: Study looking at using SmartQuit/2Morrow's Cessation program in a midwest, primary care setting to help smokers quit.

Completed/Published Research: ACT for Behavior Change. 2Morrow's / SmartQuit Programs

Clinical Trial: Jonathan B. Bricker, Wade Copeland, Kristin E. Mull, Emily Y. Zeng, Noreen L. Watson, Katrina J. Akioka, Jaimee L. Heffner, Single-arm trial of the second version of an acceptance & commitment therapy smartphone application for smoking cessation, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Online Nov 2016

Clinical Trial: Jonathan B. Bricker, Kristin E. Mull, Julie A. Kientz, Roger Vilardaga, Laina D. Mercer, Katrina J. Akioka, Jaimee L. Heffner (October, 2014). Randomized, controlled pilot trial of a smartphone app for smoking cessation using acceptance and commitment therapy. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Volume 143, Pages 87–94.

Study: Heffner JL, Vilardaga R, Mercer LD, Kientz JA, Bricker JB. 2015. Feature-level analysis of a novel smartphone application for smoking cessation. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 41(1):68-73. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2014.977486

Singh, S. (2016). ACT and smoking cessation using a smartphone application (SmartQuit™) (Thesis, Master of Social Sciences (MSocSc)). University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from

A Better Way to Quit - Fred Hutch Cancer Research Center (story)

Other Smoking Cessation & ACT Research

Jonathan B. Bricker, PhD, Terry Bush, PhD, Susan M. Zbikowski, PhD, Laina D. Mercer, MS and Jaimee L. Heffner, PhD, (May, 2014). Randomized Trial of Telephone-Delivered Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Smoking Cessation: A Pilot Study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Volume 16, Issue 11, Pp. 1446-1454

J. Bricker, C. Wyszynski, B. Comstock, JL Heffner, (October, 2013). Pilot randomized controlled trial of web-based acceptance and commitment therapy for smoking cessation. Nicotine & Tobacco Research Issue 15: 1756-64

Bricker, J.B., Mann, S., Marek, P.M., Liu, J.L., & Peterson, A.V. (2010). Telephone-delivered Acceptance & Commitment Therapy for adult smoking cessation: A feasibility study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 12: 454-8.

Hernandez-Lopez, M.C., Luciano, C., Bricker, J.B., Roales-Nieto, J., G., & Montesinos, F. (2009). Acceptance & Commitment Therapy for smoking cessation: Preliminary study of its effectiveness in comparison with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23: 723-730.

Elizabeth V. Gifford, et al. (2004). Acceptance-Based Treatment for Smoking Cessation. Behavior Therapy 35, 689–705.

Smoking Cessation Facts, Data & Resources

Center for Disease Control (CDC) Smoking & Tobacco Use

American Cancer Society Smoking Cessation Guides

American Lung Association


Helpful info from Dr. Mike Evans about why we smoke, and the process of quitting. 

Acceptance Commitment Therapy

ACT at Duke: List of ACT research. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: The State of the Evidence By: Steven Hayes, PhD

Russell Harris. (October, 2009). Acceptance and commitment therapy teaches mindfulness skills within the context of values and committed action. Healthcare, Counselling and Psychotherapy Journal (HCPJ Vol9, No 4), a quarterly journal of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy.

American Psychological Association. (2012). What you need to Know about Will-Power: The Psychological Science of Self-Control.

Russell Harris. (2012). Embracing your Demons: A Non-technical Overview of Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT).

Book Store / Books we like

Behavior Change - Habits And Assessing Your Readiness For Change

Featured: White paper: Delivering On Your Good Intentions – The Foundations Of Habit-Based Behavioral Change, Elizabeth Fountain, PhD. Learn more

Charles Duhigg. (2014). The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business.

Stephen Covey. (2004). The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People.

Mark Manson. (2014). Learn how to change your habits.

 Leslie Brokaw. (May, 2012). Are Habits More Powerful Than Decisions? Marketers Hope So. MIT Sloan Management Review blog.

James Clear. How to Stop Procrastinating on Your Goals by Using the “Seinfeld Strategy.” Transform Your Habits blog.

Thanh Pham. (June, 2012). How to Build New Habits with Mind Maps. Asian Efficiency.

Randy Dotinga and Kelly Malcom. (September, 2014). Small Steps to Big Health Change. Center for Advancing Health. 

 BJ Fogg, PhD, Stanford University. Behavior Wizard Tool.

 American Psychology Association (APA). Multiple educational sources

Bricker, J.B., & Tollison, S. (2011). Comparison of Motivational Interviewing with Acceptance & Commitment Therapy: A conceptual and clinical review. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 39: 541-549.

BJ Fogg, Founder, Persuasive Technology Lab, Stanford University. Behavior Model

Freedman, D.H. (2012, June). The perfected self. The Atlantic Monthly, 309(5), 42-52.

David T. Neal, Wendy Wood, and Jeffrey M. Quinn (August, 2006). Habits—A Repeat Performance, Current Directions in Psychological Science, Duke University. 15(4):198-202

DiClemente, CC. Addiction and change: how addictions develop and addicted people recover. New York: Guilford Press; 2003. ISBN 1-57230-057-4.

Dalton, A. N., & Spiller, S. A. (2012). Too much of a good thing: The benefits of implementation intentions depend on the number of goals. Journal of Consumer Research39(3), 600–614.

Gilbert. M.B., & Gilbert, T.F. (September, 1991). “What Skinner gave us.” Training, 28(9), 42-47.

Behavior Change Communication, INFO Project Center for Communication Programs (January, 2015). Tools for Behavior Change Communication. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.